Sitecore databases – using Azure SQL

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Since I have seen the term CLOUD for the first time, I already heard many assumptions from “in love” to “no supporters” people. Everyone has its own perspective, and who wouldn’t smell a rat when their environment is on the line, right?

On this post, I’ll share my experience so far working with Sitecore environments using Azure SQL Server as the database platform.


Assuming you know SQL Server, it’s pretty much the same stuff however it has seat in cloud and – of course – uses a special version as its back-end.

Azure SQL, according to Kurkekar, S (2016)

“delivers predictable performance, scalability with no downtime, business continuity and data protection—all with near-zero administration”

What about tiers, features, uptime and so on?

In order to best handle with different workloads, Azure SQL has three service tiers known as Basic, Standard and Premium within an uptime SLA of 99.99%. Also, according to Rabeler, C (2016, [1]), “you have the flexibility to choose the level that best meets your workload’s demands.”

Azure Sql Database Tiers Blog Vinicius Deschamps

As you can see on the image above, Rabeler, C (2016, [2]) “each Azure SQL tier has one or more performance levels that provide power to run your databases in a predictable manner.” Also according to Rabeler, C (2016, [3]) “the throughput guaranteed for your database rises from Basic through Standard and then to Premium.”

Still with me? Cool!

Back in old days, by following Sitecore installation guide your biggest concern was to

“run the database on a separate server from the web server”

And at that point this would be your main concern from database perspective, wouldn’t? So, you may be asking yourself “Nowadays, do I have other concern if move to Azure SQL?”

YES! YES! And, one more time yes! And here is the reason

Azure Sql Database Tiers Blog Vinicius Deschamps

Looking familiar? Well, now it is 🙂

In order to better show you, I’ll share an experience I had to deal a few months ago.

Sitecore Environment Using Azure Sql Paas Blog Vinicius Deschamps

As you can see, I have a Microsoft Azure Subscription and the follow resources:

  • 1 Server as Content Management
  • 2 Servers as Content Delivery
  • 4 Databases on Azure SQL Server S1 Standard
  • 1 Load Balancer for manage Content Delivery traffic

Everything was going well, until in a sunny day someone said that the website went down!

“Houston, we have a problem!”

And certainly do!

As you may know, inside the chaos everything looks HARDER! Suddenly, it came to my mind my last post

“So, hoping you don’t have a heart attack nor panicking, relax! Then, breathe calmly, put your head to think and follow me!”

Don’t have a heart attack nor panicking…. CHECK! Breathe calmly…. CHECK!

Achievements unlocked! Let’s do it! Ideas back to the right place, moving on….

So, as Content Delivery went down, does Content Management work?

Step 1 – Testing CM node

I went to Content Management and website loads, and works like a charm! YAY! YAY! Well, “Not so fast buddy!“, before move forward I would like to highlight two important configuration that Sitecore may have – which was my case.

  1. Sitecore Scaling Guide: here you will see ways to separate the features of Content Delivery and Content Management such remove any references to Master database on CD nodes.
  2. Sitecore Multisites: as the name points out, you will be allowed to configure different sites to the same Sitecore instance

Summarizing, by having both things set, the CM instance was using Master to loads its Sitecore instance, which means Sitecore Multisites is doing his job. And, fair enough the site loaded when CDs were down.

Although, at least we know the Master database is working. And based on this information, what would happen if we replace the Master database by the Web database on CM?

As CM is working by using Master database to show its content, why don’t we replace Master Database to Web Database?

Step 2 – Working on ConnectionStrings

  1. Navigate to Website\App_Data\
  2. Open ConnectionStrings.config
Sitecore Connection Strings Using Azure Sql Paas Blog Vinicius Deschamps

3. Switch the items Database=mysitecore_Sitecore_Master entry by Database=mysitecore_Sitecore_Web, then save ConnectionStrings.config

ConnectionStrings Modify Master Web Azure Sql Paas Blog Vinicius Deschamps

4. Open Browser and navigate to CM instance

And didn’t work!

At this point, we know for sure, Web database is the issue! Now, let’s back CM to original state.

Also, as we have noticed the issue might be related to Web database, why don’t leave a recover process running for this database and we continue with our troubleshoot?

Step 3 – Check the Event Viewer

For now, forget CM server and let’s focus on CD as the problem is the Web database.

Was the problem logged in somewhere? Let’s check

Quick note: If you remember, in a previous post I’ve showed you Sitecore recommendantions, so in my scenario these recommendations has been followed.

1. Navigate to Sitecore instance path

2. Then, open Data\logs folder

3. Check the log files and verify if there’s anything pointing to a database failure

Nothing! I’ve found nothing! Well, last but not least, let’s check Event Viewer

Quick note 2: I’m assuming you are using Windows 2012, ok?

1. Click, back in old days, Start button

Windows Start button Blog Vinicius Deschamps

2. You’ll see the Metro User Interface

Windows Server Metro Interface Blog Vinicius Deschamps

3. Then start typing Event Viewer – notice a Search field shows up and you can tap Event Viewer

Windows Server Search Event Viewer Blog Vinicius Deschamps

4. Event Viewer window, on the left navigate panel expand Windows Logs and click Application

5. Then, let’s check what we have there

Hey! Look what I found

Windows Event Viewer Blog Vinicius Deschamps

“The request limit for the database is 90 and has been reached”

At that time I wasn’t aware a limit exist and it has been reached!!!! However, now we know, right?

Azure Sql Database Tiers Blog Vinicius Deschamps

As we are running Azure SQL you may be asking youserlf “Well, why don’t you change the service tier from S1 to S2 for example?

Good thinking, seems that you are still with me 🙂
And, I have done this, so once the process completed the website was back up to live! YAY! YAY! 

Another issue solved and we saved the day!

Not so fast buddy!

Alright, so we have changed from S1 to S2 and what we will do if happens again? Move forward to S3? And keep this game until don’t happens again? NO!

The idea is to follow Sitecore installation guide, and as you know I have encouraged you to use it and will keep doing it. And as couldn’t be different, Sitecore also has a recommendation for Azure SQL, and it wasn’t covered on this enviroment.

“It is recommended to use at least the Standard S3 Azure SQL tier on any production systems”

Oh gosh! And we were using Standard S1!!!! 

Still with me? Cool! So, keep in mind that is very important to get Sitecore recommendations, specially for the “cloud world”!

That’s it! Thanks for reading and I’ll see you on my next post!

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